|Photo credit: Anthony Quintano, 2013.|
Responding to Climate Change (RTCC) are reporting that there is still a stand off between rich and developing countries.
The latest draft text was released last night but still lacks any clear legally binding commitments from the developed world. No doubt delegates will have their work cut out today.
Local time in Lima is 6:30 GMT, so we are still a few hours away from today’s negotiations to commence.
Part of the shift in the US ambition on climate change is cemented in US Secretary of State John Kerry also travelling to Lima. He is the first ever Secretary of State taking part in the UN climate talks framing it as important as dealing with security threats. Here is some extracts from his speech which he delivered yesterday:
”I understand we now have enough pledges from the international community to meet and exceed the initial Climate Green Fund target of 10 billion. And the United States is very proud to be contributing 3 billion, and we are grateful for the announcement of countries like Australia, Belgium, Colombia, and Peru that they have made in recent days to help get us over the hurdle. All of this will help to ensure that this fund can succeed in helping the most overburdened nations of the world to do more to be able to respond to climate change.
Catholic Bishops yesterday called for an end to the fossil fuel era, saying climate change’s threat to the global poor at the heart of their concern. Also yesterday Pope Francis called climate change a serious ethical and moral responsibility highlighting:
”The effective fight against global warming will only be possible through a collective response and develops free from political and economic pressures”.
Remarkable, according to the UN’s latest timetable the talks should be wrapped up by 14:00. But previous COP’s have in succession failed to adhere to the timetables, so be prepared that this could happen today too.
It looks like optimism about a deal is again this year looking slim with the developed and the developing world being too split on crucial issues.
While we are waiting for the final text UK’s BusinessGreen is reporting on some of the issues dividing countries:
For example, deep divisions remain over how the new system of requiring countries to publish detailed climate action plans, known as “intended nationally determined contributions” or INDCs, will be managed. Countries are continuing to argue over what exactly should be included in the plans, how they should be monitored to ensure nations deliver on their pledges, and whether the initial commitments contained in the INDCs should be reviewed before next year’s Paris Summit.
It appears that in true COP fashion the talks will extend into Saturday.
Saturday 14:45 GMT:
While delegates are carrying on with talks that could lead well into Saturday evening trying to overcome the divisions between developed and developing countries, here is the latest draft text. The Guardians Suzanne Goldenberg reports that the dividing issues between rich and poor countries still remains. This is the stumbling block and this is what could put the talks in jeopardy.
We will be back when there is any clear information about what a final text could look like and if some kind of deal is at all likely.
Saturday 18:15 GMT:
The split between the developed world and the developing world could not be more evident. While the developed world supports the latest text, large parts of the developing world is deeply unhappy with the text and crucially China is in the unhappy group.
So it seems like negotiators are heading back to the negotiation tables to improve the text. It could indeed be a long evening and night.
Sunday 12:30 GMT:
A deal have been struck albeit a very weak deal if you listen to International NGO’s and some developing countries, while the rich Western herald calls COP20 a success.
The deal having been agreed is a pathway to a deal in Paris.
The agreement which has been named ‘ Lima Call for Climate Action‘ would require each country to submit their own proposals to UN by the end of March 2015 if they can do so, unless as soon as it is possible for them.
Critics would argue that what is being required is too weak, and it will set up Paris to be another failure.
We will bring you more news on this and analysis as more information and reactions comes through, but this live blog will wind down.